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Occurrence and Evaluation of Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Chicken Eggs, Eastern Ethiopia | Abstract
Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology

Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9597

Abstract

Occurrence and Evaluation of Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Chicken Eggs, Eastern Ethiopia

Jelalu Kemal*, Wakene Beji, Gebregeorgis Tesfamariam

Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for a variety of infections in humans and animals that particularly causes staphylococcal food poisoning when it present in foods. This study was aimed to isolate Staphylococcus aureus present on the shell surfaces and in the contents of chicken eggs, and determine antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. A total of 335 egg samples were obtained from open market (n=174) and poultry farm (n=161), eastern Ethiopia. A sterile cotton swab was used to sample the surface of eggs. After sterilizing the shells, the egg contents were sampled. Identification of S. aureus was done based on culture characteristics, Gram staining and biochemical tests. The isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing using disc diffusion method. Out of the total 335 eggs sample examined, 93 (27.8%) samples yielded S. aureus. Out of these, 28 (17.4%) were from poultry farm while 65 (37.4%) were obtained from open market. Similarly, 63 (18.8%) were from the shell while 30 (8.9%) were from the content. The occurrence of S. aureus in the egg shell collected from open market was significantly higher than egg shell obtained from poultry farm (P=0.021). The level of S. aureus in egg contents was also significantly higher in the open market (P=0.003). All 76 S. aureus isolates were resistant to at least one of the antimicrobials tested with overall 3.9%-92.0% level of resistance pattern showing higher resistant to penicillin (92%), ampicillin (89.5%) and amoxicillin (55.3%). A lower level of resistance was observed to chloramphenicol, gentamycin and ciprofloxacin with complete susceptibility to vancomycin. Multiple drug resistance to more than two antimicrobial agents was detected in 86.8% of the total S. aureus isolates. The study showed high level of S. aureus with considerable antimicrobial resistant pattern. Further study is needed to better define bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents with emphasis on surveillance of multiple drug resistant

Published Date: 2021-04-19; Received Date: 2021-02-26

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