Hamed Aflatooni*, Mohsen Ebrahimi, Hossein Ramshini and Gholam Akbari
In order to Study of some physiological characteristics of the basil plant was carried out and during which the 4 masses (Abu-Rayḥan, Heidari, Jaefari, Rey city) Cultured and evaluated. Plant specimens were obtained during 2 harvesting. Before entering the plant to flowering stage, the chlorophyll content was analyzed with spad. During this research, 10 plants per block were randomly selected and their chlorophyll content was investigated. In total, out of 160 measured plants, 2 points A and B are slightly different from each other, but point C has a very great difference compared to point A. It can be said that the point C has higher chlorophyll content than the point B and B has
higher chlorophyll than point A. In the stage, then after harvest and transfer to the laboratory, their fresh weight was measured. The plant samples were placed in a laboratory and dried in air dry at ambient temperature. In the first impression, after a week and in the second harvest after sixteen days, the specimens were dried and then weighed,
Then weighed the samples with the aid of the Clevenger apparatus and prepared the essential oils within 3 hours, According to the obtained data, in the first impression, the lowest weight of the essential oil was obtained from Rey city mass with 0.12 g weight and the highest weight of the essential oil was obtained from the Abu-Rayḥan mass with
weight 0.21 g. In the second harvest, the minimum weight of the essential oil was related to jaefari mass with weight of 0.07 g and the highest weight of essential oil obtained from Heidari mass and weighing 0.13 g. Finally, the data were computed and analyzed using SAS and Excel softwares..
Published Date: 2019-04-09; Received Date: 2019-05-18