Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9864



Detection of Low Level Mixed Chimerism Using High Throughput SNP Genotyping

Aleksey A. Nakorchevsky, Eunice Flores, Li Xiangyang, Tao Hong and Anders O.H. Nygren

Recipients of allogeneic bone marrow transplants (BMT) or stem cell transplants (SCT) require clinical monitoring to allow for early diagnosis of such post-transplant adverse effects as rejection, graft vs. host disease (GVHD), or a malignancy relapse. Triaging of the transplant recipients in clinical settings is achieved by monitoring the Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) and measuring the amount of mixed chimerism in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). While MRD monitoring involves detection of the malignancy-specific markers, measuring the extent of mixed chimerism can be achieved via general PCR-based methods. We have developed a SNP genotyping method to detect low levels of mixed chimerism in PBL and genomic DNA. Sensitivity is achieved by measuring a cumulative skew in genotyping data across a cohort of 92 independent SNP markers. This method showed a sensitivity of 0.98 and a specificity of 0.90 for 10%, 5%, and 2% mixed chimerism samples. The overall specificity of the method is 0.98 and the accuracy is 0.95. The results show 100% concordance with the STR data for a set of clinical samples. The advantage of this method compared to already established methodologies is that it does not require disease-specific markers and can be multiplexed. The method and the analysis software can also be used with other genotyping and sequencing technologies.