Clinics in Mother and Child Health

Clinics in Mother and Child Health
Open Access

ISSN: 2090-7214


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Chest X-ray and Etiological Orientations of Respiratory Diseases in Children Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus in a Pediatric Hospital in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)

Kouéta F, Yonaba C, Kaboré A, Napon AM, Ouédraogo G, Ilboudo R, Dao L, Lougué/Sorgho LC, Yé D and Cissé R

To determine the etiologic orientations lung damage associated with HIV infection in children, we performed a prospective cross-sectional study in 91 patients followed at the Pediatric Hospital Charles de Gaulle to Ouagadougou from 1 January 2012 to 31 July 2013. It consisted in the clinical-radiological analysis of the different lesions observed before pulmonary call signs in children followed for HIV infection. The observed radiological lesions were most often diffuse and bilateral. This was broncho- pneumonia in 87.9% of cases and pleuro-pneumonia in 12.1% of cases. Parenchymal damages were dominated by interstitial opacities alveolar and alveolar-interstitial damages in respectively 29.7%, 24.2% and 12.1% of cases. The etiologies were mostly suspected bacterial pneumonia (62.8%), lymphoid interstitial pneumonia (17.6%), tuberculosis (4.4%) and pneumocystosis (3.3%). Chest radiography accessible to most patients should keep a place in the diagnostic approach. But in many cases it should be complemented with other complementary explorations in order to achieve a specific etiologic diagnosis and improve the treatment of pediatric AIDS.