Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7439

+32-466-902-269

Abstract

Antibodies can be Spontaneously Loaded onto Monosialoganglioside Micelles Containing Oncological Drugs

Ariel G. Garro, Roxana V. Alasino, Victoria Leonhard, Valeria Heredia and Dante M. Beltramo

Recently, we demonstrated that GM1 micelles transport paclitaxel and doxorubicin with high efficiency. When this GM1-drugs complex is incubated with whole serum, albumin was the only one protein that binds spontaneously to form GM1-drug-albumin complex. Here, we show that, under specific physicochemical conditions, these micelles interact with antibodies forming GM1-IgG complexes. The load of IgG in GM1 reaches a maximum at ratios of 1/4 (w / w) incubating to 4.5 and preheating the micelles of GM1 at 55-60°C. The IgG of the GM1-IgG complex obtained under these experimental conditions retains the biological activity against the soluble and cellular antigens and is not displaced from the micelles in the presence of albumin, the main competitive binding protein. Treatment of GM1-IgG with pepsin, does not show the breakage of the IgG like control of free IgG, suggesting that IgG is deeply bound into GM1, probably via Fc. Moreover, the presence of 1 M NaCl does not prevent neither dissociate the complex, suggesting the hydrophobic nature of the interaction. The DLS and TEM results shows that GM1-IgG complexes have sizes significantly higher than those of GM1 micelles; this is directly related to the amount of IgG loaded. On the other hand GM1-IgG complex also retain the ability to encapsulate oncological drugs, but, an adequate sequence must be followed during the preparation, in order to obtain efficient GM1-drug-IgG ternary complexes. Moreover, the presence of IgG into GM1-oncological drugs complex do not affect the release or the cytotoxic activity of the encapsulated molecules such as Ptx or Doxo.

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