Rahman MA*, Jacqueline Stevens, Jared Pardy and Danika Wheeler
The presence of liquids in natural gas wells increases the pressure loss within the well due to differences in density of the pressure head. In gas, well annular flow, liquid may be present in entrained droplets as well as in the liquid film. Several models have been proposed to predict liquid film thickness in pipes with vertical two-phase annular flow. Earlier models are based limited range of experimental data. The earlier models also require exhaustive iterative procedure to estimate liquid film thickness. On the other hand, the proposed modified film thickness model in this study was developed from a wide range of experimental data. The experimental data covers conditions of superficial liquid velocities ranging from 0.6 to 38.8 cm/s; superficial gas velocities ranging from 13.4 to 110.6 m/s; and diameters ranging from 12 to 51 mm. The proposed model is compared with the available experimental data in the literature. Model predictions are in good agreement with the available experimental data set. The modified film thickness model helps accurate estimation of pressure gradient in vertical annular flow, which in turn is beneficial to the natural gas production industry as it further develops the understanding of production mechanics.