Anupa Anirudhan, Okomoda Victor Tosin, Mohd Effendy Wahid, Yeong Yik Sung
The growth of the aquaculture industry has accelerated over the past few decades with shrimp farming representing a significant part of this development. Shrimp account for two-third of the global consumption of crustacean, however, among other factors, disease outbreak remains the greatest threat to its development. This is partly because of the development of antibiotic-resistant strains which causes severe economic loss due to massive mortality during culture. This review details alternative methods of disease prevention and control in shrimp which has been exploited for the past few decades now. They include but not limited to the use of microalgae, probiotics/prebiotics, biofloc, heat shock treatments, short-chain fatty acids, and plant-derived compounds for the control of shrimp diseases. It was concluded that more research in bio-control alternatives for shrimp aquaculture disease is still needed, more so, understanding of the specific mechanisms of operations to these treatment methods would further consolidate the growth of the industry.
Published Date: 2021-02-26; Received Date: 2021-02-03