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Adaptative metabolism of lactic acid bacteria during brewers??? spent grain fermentation | Abstract
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0509

44 2039363178

Abstract

Adaptative metabolism of lactic acid bacteria during brewers??? spent grain fermentation

Marta Acín Albiac

Brewers’ spent grain (BSG), the most abundant by-product generated in the beer-brewing process, represents an example of valuable raw material and source of health promoting compounds. To the date, the valorization of BSG as a food ingredient has been limited due to poor technological and sensory properties. Tailored bioprocessing though lactic acid bacteria (LAB) fermentation is a versatile and sustainable mean for the exploitation of food industry by-products. Indigestible carbohydrates and high phenolic content make of BSG a hostile environment for microbial survival. Our study investigated the metabolic strategies of Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides and Lactobacillus plantarum strains to exploit BSG as a food ingredient. Two distinctive BSG samples from different breweries (Italian IT- and Finish FL-BSG) were microbially and chemically characterized. Growth kinetics, organic acid profiles and the evolution of phenolic profiles during the fermentation in two BSG model media were determined. The results were further complemented with gene expression targeting genes involved in the degradation of cellulose, hemicelluloses building blocks and the metabolism of anti-nutritional factors. Overall, the results were LAB genus dependent showing distinctive metabolic capabilities. Leuc. pseudomesenteroides DSM 20193 may degrade BSG xylans while sucrose metabolism could be furtherly exploited for EPS production to enhance BSG pro-technological properties

Published Date: 2020-09-17;

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