Jaber Davoudi, Moslem Safari, Shahrokh Shirazi, Afshin Bahman Shabestari, Afsaneh Dolatkhah
A retrospective study was undertaken to determine the incidence of cystic hydatid disease among patients hospitalized in two hospitals in Kermanshah and Tabriz during 2012-2013. All medical documents of patients with hydatid cyst in two public hospitals were reviewed. A total of 87 patients including 37 Males and 50 females were examined for the presence of hydatid cyst infection. Results indicated that, 46 cases (52.87%) in 2012, and 41 cases (47.13%) in 2013 underwent operation, of which 42.53% were male and 57.47% female. The most involved organ was liver (66.67%) and the most involved professions were housewives (51.72%, p<0.05). Most of the operations took place in spring (31.1%) and the age of the participants ranged from 21 to 30 years (p<0.05). In 77.01% of patients, contact with dogs was evident the highest percent of surgeries have been observed. Most of the hydatidosis surgical cases were in Kermanshah (40 cases). In general, the frequency of stray dogs in this province, instruction of transmission route, combat against stray dogs, and treatment of livestock and dogs seem necessary. Moreover, contaminated vegetables could be a potential route of infection.
Published Date: 2021-02-26; Received Date: 2021-02-05